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  1. Large astrolabe by Gualterus Arsenius (Walter Aertsen; fl. 1556–75), similar to the ‘Philip II Astrolabe’ in Madrid.
  2. This instrument may be a version of Galileo’s compasso (sector) created by the Barocci–Vagnarelli workshop in Urbino.
  3. Celestial globe, probably by Jodocus Hondius the Younger (Amsterdam, 1593–1629).
  4. Two books by Johannes Kepler (Weil der Stadt, 1571–Regensburg, 1630) are shown here: Tabulae Rudolphinae (1627) and Harmonices Mundi (1619). The book on top is the Mirifici logarithmorum canonis descriptio by John Napier (Merchiston Castle, 1550–Edinburgh, 1617).
  5. Engraving of the Martyrdom of St Catherine in the style of the Master MZ.
  6. Drawing book.
  7. Perspective instrument in the style of those by Wenzel Jamnitzer (Vienna, 1507/8–Nuremberg, 1585) or Ludovico Cigoli (San Miniato, 1559–Rome, 1613), with a perspective drawing of a colonnade.
  8. Hourglass.
  9. Compasses and drawing implements in the style of the Barocci–Vagnarelli workshop in Urbino.
  10. Convex and concave lenses.
  11. Drawing of the three cosmic systems: the Earth-centred Ptolemaic system, the Sun-centred Copernican system and the compromise Tychonic system, with the inscription ALY ET ALIA VIDENT, ‘Others see it yet otherwise’.
  12. Astrological geniture of an unidentified person born in the month of March.
  13. Portrait medal of Muzio Oddi (Urbino, 1569–1639) by an unknown author, 1627. Inscription: MVTIVS ODDVSVRBINAS MATEM(aticus) ET ARCHIT(ectus)AE(tatis) S(uae) AN(ni) LVIII.
  14. Portrait medal of Andrea Alciati (Alzate Brianza/Milan, 1492–Pavia, 1550), Milanese legal scholar and author of the Emblemata, by Jean Second (Jan Everaerts; The Hague, 1511–Saint-Amand, Fleurus, 1536). Inscription: ANDR(eas) ALCIATVS IVRECO(n)S(ultus) COMES P(alatinus).
  15. Portrait medal of Girolamo Cardano (Pavia, 1501–Rome, 1576), Milanese physician, astrologer and philosopher, attributed to Leone Leoni (Arezzo, 1509–Milan, 1590), c. 1550. Inscription: HIER(onymus)·CARDANVS·AETATIS·AN(norum)·XLVIIII.
  16. Portrait medal of Albrecht Dürer (Nuremberg, 1471–1528) by Mathes Gebel, executed in 1528, upon Dürer’s death. Inscription on the recto: IMAGO·ALBERTI·DVRERI·AETATIS·SVAE·LVI.
  17. Portrait medal of Michelangelo Buonarroti (Caprese, 1475–Rome, 1564) by Leone Leoni (Arezzo, 1509–Milan,1590). Inscription: MICHAELANGELVS·BONARROTVS·FLOR(entinus)·AET(atis)·S(uae)·ANN(orum) 88·.
  18. Portrait medal of Donato Bramante (Monte Asdrualdo, now Fermignano, Pesaro, 1444–Rome, 1514), architect. Inscription: BRAMANTES·ASDRVVALDINVS. Muzio Oddi is known to have owned a copy of this medal which has previously been attributed to Caradosso (Cristoforo Caradosso Foppa) but is now thought to be a self-portrait.
  19. Cross-staff or Radius Astronomicus, an astronomical instrument used to measure angles of separation between different celestial bodies. The cross- staff was strongly associated with Netherlandish astronomer Gemma Frisius (1508-1555) and also used by Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) and others.
  20. Surveyor’s folding rule, probably Italian.